The Trieste coastline is still partially characterized by a terraced morphology of great natural and scenic value, due to settlement choices and secular agricultural crops protected from the cold wind called Bora.
However, many sandstone walls have been made almost unrecognisable by years of abandonment, while stairways, fencings, and pedestrian ways are often inaccessible because of gradual collapses and natural afforestation.
Recent new agricultural activities have led local farmers and the local section of WWF to share a common goal: the preservation and reuse of these terraced landscapes. In such northern Mediterranean ecosystem the importance of this type of landscape for biodiversity conservation is indeed crucial.
In the Honghe Declaration (2010), terraced landscapes were defined as “agricultural and ecological systems” to be safeguarded for their biological and cultural diversity.
In recent years, we are increasingly debating about cultivated biodiversity, ecological corridors as fundamental links for the flora and fauna life, as well as synanthropic habitat, in which humans and nature are not in opposition but are integrated and in mutual assistance and support.
Added question: “How the biodiversity of terraced landscapes has been diversified thanks to indigenous local knowledge providing a cornucopia of food to humankind?”